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social identity theory

proposition that individuals categorise themselves andothers into in-groups and out-groups. Negative comparisonsare made between the two groups as a result of a need tomaintain a positive social identity, subsequently givingrise to competition and discrimination.

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Psychology term of the day

September 28th 2021

cross sectional study

a research design based on selecting representative groupswho vary on a particular characteristic; when thecharacteristic is age, this design provides a means ofmaking developmental comparisons.