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 used to describe asituation where an observer records behaviour demonstrated by a participant.An observation does not involve manipulation of an independent variable, but simply allows the observation ofrelationships between variables as they occur. Observation includes a variety of differing typesof observation including naturalistic observation, participant and non-participant observation.

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Psychology term of the day

June 19th 2021


in operantconditioning, a method to increase the probability and strength of aresponse by removing or withholding an aversive stimuli  (negative reinforcer)