the belief that inanimateobjects are alive and as such have life-like qualities such as feelings and intentions. A child may get angry and smack hisbicycle because it 'made him get hurt'. Animism is a characteristic found in children in Piaget's secondstage of intellectual development, the pre-operationalstage. Piaget believedthat animism was a characteristic of the child's egocentricreasoning- if the child has feelings and intentions, then so must allother things.
a research design based on selecting representative groupswho vary on a particular characteristic; when thecharacteristic is age, this design provides a means ofmaking developmental comparisons.